The Prochlorococcus cyanobacteria is the smallest and most common oxygen-producing organism in the world. It dominates large areas of the World Ocean and is responsible for a considerable share of the photosynthesis on Earth, yet was entirely unknown until the 1980s. Sallie Chisholm is awarded the Crafoord Prize 2019 for her discovery of and research into this incredible organism.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Crafoord Prize in Biosciences 2019 to
Sallie W. Chisholm, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA
“for the discovery and pioneering studies of the most abundant photosynthesising organism on Earth, Prochlorococcus”.
The Crafoord Prize
The Crafoord Prize is awarded in partnership between the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and the Crafoord Foundation in Lund. The Academy is responsible for selecting the Crafoord Laureates.
The disciplines, which change every year, are mathematics and astronomy, geosciences, biosciences and polyarthritis (e.g. rheumatoid arthritis). The prize in polyarthritis is awarded only when scientific progress in this field has been such that an award is justified.
The prize disciplines are chosen as a complement to the Nobel Prizes.
Pressrelease - The Crafoord Prize in Biosciences 2019